There are so many choices and styles when it comes to types of birdhouses that it might seem confusing. Because each house attracts specific bird species, choosing the right types of birdhouses for your yard and your climate is a matter of research. To pick the right birdhouse, you should take several factors to take into consideration.
Species of Birds
Which birds are in your area and which birds do you want to attract? This question can be answered easily by looking at websites that list birds that are native to your area. You might also head to the library to borrow a book on bird watching. As a hobby, bird watching is fun and entertaining. Attracting beautiful songbirds to your yard is a great way to enjoy that hobby. Decide on the type of bird that you would like to see and choose a birdhouse that is designed to house those birds.
Types of Birdhouses
Many birdhouse designs use the size of the entrance hole to discriminate against predators and larger bird species. If you want to fill your yard with wrens and finches, a birdhouse with a very small entrance hole will protect those birds. Many of the smaller songbirds are vulnerable to attacks by predators like squirrels and mice. These rodents will use a birdhouse with a large entrance as an easy meal-ticket.
Birdhouses can come in many colors and designs. Some colorful birdhouses are made of certain types of wood or colors that are appealing to specific species of birds. In general, an unpainted or wood-colored birdhouse is more natural for a bird and will take less time to build. Many birds prefer plain wooden birdhouses because they are similar in color to tree bark. The more natural the birdhouse looks the more quickly it will fill with birds. If your heart is set on a fancy or colorful birdhouse, don’t be disappointed. Although they take a little longer for the birds to get used to, colorful unique birdhouses make fine homes, as well.
Safety from predators, good ventilation and durability are also factors to look at when choosing a birdhouse. Wrens and other small birds are comfortable in smaller houses and stacked houses. Social birds tend to nest close to each other, so multiple-story birdhouses are perfect for species like Purple Martins. Since a Red-breasted Robin does not nest in a cavity, they generally will not appreciate a typical birdhouse. Elaborate birdhouses incorporating open boxes, ledges, and shelves are perfect for Robins. Barn Swallows will also choose a ledge box rather than an enclosed birdhouse. Blue Jays and doves also prefer shelves to birdhouses, but building those shelves can still be a fun project.
Choosing the right types of birdhouses for your area is easier than you might imagine. With a little effort on your part, you will be watching birds in your own yard in no time! Sit back, relax, and enjoy the beautiful songs of your new friends from nature.